First Aid For Severe Bleeding

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Overview – What Does Severe Bleeding Mean?

  • Severe bleeding occurs when the casualty loses a substantial amount of blood
  • This might occur externally through normal openings, like the ears or mouth
  • An abrasion on the skin can also result in bleeding
  • Bleeding internally happens due to a wound or a burst blood vessel.

What Are The Causes Of Severe Bleeding?

  • Accidents or by falling
  • Knock to the head
  • Wounds, like scalp injuries
  • Tooth removal
  • Particular prescriptions
  • Disorders like
    a. Hemophilia
    b. Scurvy
    c. Melanoma
    d. Thrombocytopenia

    Severe bleeding occurs when the casualty loses a substantial amount of blood
    Severe bleeding occurs when the casualty loses a substantial amount of blood

    e. Anemia
    f.  Leukemia
    g. Depletion of blood
    h. Intestinal Ulcer
    i.  Disorder with the platelets
    j.  Problems with the liver
    k. Septicemia


  • Release of blood from an injury
  • Severe bruising
  • Blood contained in the urine/stool
  • Blood seeping from other areas, such as the ear or mouth

Treatment For Severe Bleeding

  • Wash hands well before managing to casualty
  • Use synthetic gloves
  • Ensure the casualty is lying down
  • Raise the legs slightly
  • Examine the affected area and try to elevate that region
  • Get rid of any noticeable fragments in the skin or surrounding the wound
  • Apply direct force by means of an uncontaminated cloth/dressing
  • Use your hand if material is not available
  • Apply pressure constantly for at least 25 minutes
  • Do not take away the cloth to examine the bleeding
  • Hold the dressing in place using an adhesive tape
  • If bleeding oozes through the dressing, do not get rid of it
  • Add an additional dressing on top of the first one
  • Apply direct force on the vein if required
  • The pressure points for the arm are situated underneath the arm
  • For the leg, the pressure points are situated behind the knee or near the groin
  • Squeeze the vein while keeping your finger flat
  • Continue applying force on the injury
  • Once the bleeding discontinues, restrain the affected region
  • The casualty must see a doctor urgently.

Phone The Doctor

  • If bleeding does not discontinue
  • If bleeding arises through the nose or ears
  • Coughing up blood
  • Nausea
  • Bruising/profound wounds
  • Intestinal bruising
  • Fracture
  • Shock

Steps To Avoid

  • Do not attempt to replace an organ that has been displaced or severed
  • Just shelter the wound with a fresh cloth
  • Do not attempt to remove an entrenched object – this can cause further bleeding internally.

Related Video On Bleeding

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